As a good technology superhero you will know that in the world of troubleshooting, there is an approach that goes beyond simply fixing superficial symptoms. We call this approach “Maximum Heroics” or Root Cause Analysis (ACR), a charming method that seeks to unravel the mysteries behind an incident.

Through the RCA, the causal factors of an incident are examined, and why, how and when it happened are broken down in order to prevent it from repeating itself and ensure smooth continuity.

Anticipate issues, optimize your systems and processes with RCA

Imagine this post-apocalyptic scenario: a system breaks down or undergoes an unexpected change, surprising all of those who depend on it.

This is where RCA comes into play, as an indispensable tool to fully understand the incident and what triggered it.

Unlike simple troubleshooting, which focuses on taking corrective action once the incident took place, RCA goes further, seeking to uncover the root cause of the problem.

Sometimes RCA is also used to investigate and understand the performance of a particular system, as well as its superiority performance compared to other similar systems.

However, in most cases, root cause analysis focuses on problems, especially when they affect critical systems.

Through a RCA, all the contributing factors to the problem are identified and connected in a meaningful way, allowing a proper approach and, most importantly, preventing the same adversity from happening all over again.

Only by getting “to the root cause” of the problem, rather than focusing on surface symptoms, you may find out how, when and why the problem arose in the first place.

There is a wide range of problems that warrant a root cause analysis and they might come from a variety of sources, from human errors to physical system failures to deficiencies in an organization’s processes or operations.

To sum up, any type of anomaly that affects the optimal functioning of a system may require the implementation of an RCA.

Whether it’s faulty machinery in a manufacturing plant, an emergency landing on an airplane or a service interruption in a web application, investigators embark on a journey to uncover the hidden layers of each incident, in search for the ultimate solution.

Pursuing Continuous Improvement: The advantages of Root Cause Analysis

When it comes to maintaining the integrity and smooth operation of an organization, root cause analysis becomes an invaluable ally.

With the primary goal of reducing risk at all levels, this revealing process provides vital information that can be used to improve system reliability.

But, what exactly are the objectives and advantages of performing a root cause analysis??

First, root cause analysis, as we already know, seeks to identify precisely what has actually been happening, going beyond the superficial symptoms to unravel the sequence of events and root causes.

Understanding what is needed to solve the incident or taking advantage of the lessons learned from it, taking into account its causal factors, are some other key objectives of RCA.

In addition, repetition of similar problems is avoided, leading to an improvement in the management quality.

Once these goals are achieved, an RCA can provide a number of significant benefits to an organization.

First, systems, processes and operations are optimized by providing valuable information about the underlying problems and obstacles.

In addition, repetition of similar problems is avoided, leading to an improvement in the quality of management.

By addressing problems more effectively and comprehensively, you may deliver higher quality services to your customers, thereby generating customer satisfaction and loyalty.

Root cause analysis also promotes improved internal communication and collaboration, while strengthening the understanding of the underlying systems.

In addition, by quickly getting to the root of the problem instead of just treating the symptoms, the time and effort spent on long-term resolution of recurring problems is significantly reduced.
Moreover, this efficient approach also reduces costs by directly addressing the root cause of the problem, rather than continually dealing with unresolved symptoms.

More importantly, root cause analysis is not limited to a single sector, but can benefit a wide range of industries.

From improving medical treatment and reducing workplace injuries, to optimizing application performance and ensuring infrastructure availability, this methodology has the potential to drive excellence in a variety of systems and processes.

The Foundations of Root Cause Analysis: Principles for Success

Root cause analysis is a versatile enough methodology to adapt to various industries and individual circumstances.

However, at the core of this flexibility, there are four fundamental principles that are essential to ensure the success of RCA:

  • Understand the why, how and when of the incident: These questions work together to provide a complete picture of the underlying causes.
    For example, it is difficult to understand why an event occurred without understanding how or when it happened.
    Investigators must explore the full magnitude of the incident and all the key factors that contributed to it taking place at that precise time.

  • Focus on underlying causes, not symptoms: Addressing only symptoms when a problem arises rarely prevents recurrence and can result in wasted time and resources.
    Instead, RCA focuses on the relationships between events and the root causes of the incident.
    This approach helps reduce the time and resources spent solving problems and ensures a sustainable long-term solution.

  • Think prevention when using RCA to solve problems: To be effective, root cause analysis must get to the root causes of the problem, but that is not enough.
    It must also enable the implementation of solutions that prevent the problem from happening all over again.
    If RCA does not help solve the problem and prevent its recurrence, much of the effort will have been wasted.

  • Get it right the first time: A root cause analysis is only successful to the extent that it is performed properly.
    A poorly executed RCA can waste time and resources and even make the situation worse, forcing investigators to start over.
    An effective root cause analysis must be carried out carefully and systematically.
    It requires the right methods and tools, as well as leadership that understands what the effort entails and fully supports it.

By following these fundamental principles, root cause analysis becomes a powerful tool for unraveling the root causes of problems and achieving lasting solutions.

By fully understanding incidents, focusing on underlying causes and taking a preventative approach, organizations can avoid repeat problems and continuously improve their performance.

Ultimately, root cause analysis becomes the foundation upon which a culture of continuous improvement and excellence is built.

A Range of Tools: Methods for Root Cause Analysis

When it comes to unraveling the root causes of a problem, root cause analysis offers a variety of effective methods.

One of the most popular approaches is the 5 whys, where successive “why” questions are asked to get to the underlying causes.

This method seeks to keep probing until the reasons that explain the primary source of the problem are uncovered.

While number five is only a guide, fewer or more “why” questions may be required to get to the root causes of the problem initially defined.

Another method widely used in RCA is the “Ishikawa Diagram”, also known as “Cause and Effect Diagram” or “Fishbone Diagram”.

In this approach, the problem is defined at the head of the fishbone, while the causes and effects unfold at the branches.

The possible causes are grouped into categories that are connected to the backbone, providing an overview of the possible causes that could have led to the incident.

In addition, investigators have several methodologies for performing a root cause analysis:

  • Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA): Identifies the various ways in which a system can fail and analyzes the possible effects of each failure.

  • Fault Tree Analysis (FTA): Provides a visual map of causal relationships using Boolean logic to determine the possible causes of a failure or assess the reliability of a system.

  • Pareto Diagram: It combines a bar diagram and a line diagram to show the frequency of the most common causes of problems, from most likely to least likely.

  • Change analysis: Consider how the conditions surrounding the incident have changed over time, which may play a direct role in its occurrence.

  • Scatter plot: It plots data on a two-dimensional graph with an X-axis and a Y-axis to uncover relationships between data and possible causes of an incident.

  • In addition to these methods, there are other approaches used in root cause analysis. Those professionals who engage in root cause analysis and seek continuous reliability improvement should be familiar with several methods and use the most appropriate one for each specific situation.

The success of root cause analysis also depends on effective communication within the group and personnel involved in the system.

Post-RCA debriefings, commonly referred to as “post-mortems,” help ensure that key stakeholders understand the causal and related factors, their effects, and the resolution methods used.

The exchange of information at these meetings can also lead to brainstorming about other areas that may require further investigation and who should be in charge of each.

Joining Forces: Tools for Root Cause Analysis

Root cause analysis is a process that combines human ability for deduction with data collection and the use of reporting tools.

Information technology (IT) teams often leverage platforms they already use for application performance monitoring, infrastructure monitoring or systems management, including cloud management tools, to obtain the necessary data to support root cause analysis.

Many of these products also include features built into their platforms to make root cause analysis.

In addition, some vendors offer specialized tools that collect and correlate metrics from other platforms, which helps remediate problems or disruptive events.

Tools that incorporate AIOps (Artificial Intelligence for IT Operations) capabilities are able to learn from past events and suggest corrective actions for the future.

In addition to monitoring and analysis tools, IT organizations often look to external sources for help in root cause analysis easier.

Collaboration and utilization of external resources are valuable aspects of root cause analysis.

By leveraging existing tools and seeking additional expertise from online communities and platforms, IT teams can gain a more complete and enriching perspective.

These synergies allow problems to be addressed more effectively and lasting solutions to be achieved.


Root cause analysis emerges as a powerful methodology for understanding the underlying causes of problems and incidents faced by organizations.

Throughout this article, we have explored in detail what root cause analysis is, its objectives and advantages, as well as the fundamental principles behind it.

Root cause analysis invites us to go beyond the superficial symptoms and discover the real causes behind an incident.

Using multiple methods and tools, such as the 5 Whys, Ishikawa diagrams, FMEA, FEA and many others, RCA practitioners embark on a psychotropic journey of discovery to identify root causes and prevent problems from recurring.

Achieving the goals of root cause analysis, such as fully understanding events, applying preventive solutions and improving the quality of systems and processes, comes with a host of benefits that you can brag about over coffee later.

From optimizing systems and operations to improving service quality, reducing costs and promoting internal collaboration, root cause analysis becomes an enabler of continuous improvement and organizational excellence.

In this process, the right choice of tools and methods is crucial.

Organizations can leverage existing monitoring, analysis and systems management tools, as well as seek additional insights from external sources.

Collaboration and information sharing play a vital role in the success of root cause analysis, as they enable broader and richer perspectives.

Root cause analysis is a powerful ally of The Force and organizations in their search for effective and lasting solutions.