First steps with Pandora FMS

Official start-up guide to get the most out of Pandora FMS, from installation to report generation. If you don't want to mess with the manual, this is your guide.

1. Introduction

The purpose of this guide is to briefly introduce Pandora FMS to someone who is not familiar with the tool. The purpose is not to make a tour through all Pandora FMS features, but to talk about the most relevant ones in order to start working and managing in record time. 

Pandora FMS architecture is made up of different services: 

We call agent to any network device that can be monitored. That is to say, everything you can obtain data from and that has an associated IP, such as servers, routers or switches. The number of these agents is what is used to license a Pandora FMS Enterprise installation, for example, a 100 agent license. The information collected in each agent is not relevant, it does not matter if it is a router with just a few simple metrics or a 48-port switch full of information. These metrics in Pandora FMS are known as modules. A software agent is the piece of software that collects information, an agent, simply, is how this information is displayed and managed. They only share the name.

Minimum hardware requirements

The requirements set out in this table are the minimum recommended for the different installations. These recommendations are calculated assuming that 80% of the modules have historical data, that each agent has an average of about 10 modules and that the average sampling is five minutes. These recommendations are specified for an environment where they are installed in the same database server, server and console.

 

Hardware SMALL MEDIUM BIG
CPU 2 cores at 2 GHz 2 cores at 2,5 GHz 4 cores at 3 GHz
RAM 4 GB 8 GB 16 GB
HD 7200 rpm 15K RPM o SSD SSD
Storage ~20GB ~60GB ~120 GB
Capacity Up to 500 agents Up to 2000 agents 

5000 agents

 

In addition to the above recommendations, it is recommended that you install MySQL on a separate server and install Percona XTraDB instead of the standard MySQL.

NEXT  >

2. Installation

Online installation

The term "Cloud provider" (or simply "Cloud") is used to describe the hosting of virtual machines, either exclusively or shared, in specialized providers with hardware, hypervisors and customer support web systems for configuration and administration.

For any of them you can install Pandora FMS Community edition. CentOS 7.x is recommended as operating system, 4 gigabytes in RAM memory and 20 gigabytes in free disk space, preferably Solid State Drive (SSD) type.

Access the command line as provided by your Cloud provider and run:

curl -Ls https://pfms.me/deploy-pandora | sh

After the successful execution of the script, you will have the latest version of pandora FMS installed on your system.

Offline installation (ISO Image)

Pandora FMS ISO Appliance will be used, since it is the fastest and easiest method. For more information on alternative installation methods, check Pandora FMS Installation from our official documentation. 

Pandora FMS uses Linux as a base, but Pandora FMS is designed so that. As an administrator user, you do not have to know about Linux or interact with it.

99% of the configuration and operation is done from Pandora FMS graphic console and it is not necessary to access the shell (the command black screen) of Linux system.

The installation image is based on Linux CentOS 7, and contains all the components and dependencies needed for Pandora FMS to work pre-installed. You must have a machine with minimum hardware requirements, a minimum of 4GB of RAM and 20GB of disk. 

If you are pondering over Pandora FMS Enterprise version, the license comes pre-installed, and once it is activated and running, you will have 30 days to try the product.

After this time, your Pandora FMS will automatically become the Community version and you will be able to continue using it indefinitely. No data is lost and the system will continue working, but without Enterprise version features.

Installation from ISO Appliance

The ISO image must be downloaded from the download section and burned to a DVD, or you can also boot the system from this ISO file if you are using a virtualization system (VMWare, VirtualBox, etc). 

The graphical installer will guide you step by step through the whole installation process. This installer is available in several languages and follows a standard installation process. The two sections where you should pay special attention are when asking for the root password and when asking about partitioning. Once installed, you will not have to access the Linux base system again. You can also do a manual network configuration at this point. Otherwise, the system will try to activate the network interface and assign an IP through DHCP.

The requested options, "Date and Time", "Keyboard" and "Installation Destination" must be selected and configured. The network device must be activated. 

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The network interface is activated and the hostname can optionally be changed.

If you are going to set a fixed IP, this is the time to configure it, otherwise you will get it by DHCP.

Clicking on the installation destination will start disk partitioning.

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Select the disk where you are going to install and the partitioning is chosen. The "Click to create them automatically" option will be used.

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The created partitions will be checked and click Done. Click Accept changes.

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Click on Start installation, at the bottom and the process will start installing.

Do not forget the root password or you will have to reinstall everything again.

Now wait until the installation is complete and the system is rebooted. If you are using virtualization, make sure the system boots from the disk first, or unmount the CD drive with Pandora FMS installation image. If you install from USB or CD, when the system will restart.

First steps

Once installed, the system should boot from the hard disk and after a few seconds, display a terminal screen:

In this same screen you should find the IP that the system has assigned to be able to connect to Pandora FMS console. 

Once you know the IP of Pandora FMS system, you can access it from a browser. Write in it the following address, composed by the IP obtained:

             http://x.x.x.x/pandora_console

In the example above it would be http://192.168.126.129/pandora_console, but you have to get the system IP correctly in order to continue. If everything is correct, you will access Pandora FMS console welcome screen, similar to this one: