Pandora: Documentation en: Installing
- 1 Console and Pandora FMS Server Installation
- 1.1 Minimum hardware requirements
- 1.2 Minimum software requirements
- 1.3 Database requisites
- 1.4 Satellite Server Requirements
- 1.5 Port requirements
- 1.6 Package Dependencies
- 1.7 Issues prior to Installation
- 1.8 Installation using ISO or "Software appliance"
- 1.9 Installing the ISO image using a USB Stick
- 1.10 Installation under Docker
- 1.11 Installing the VMWare Virtual Machine
- 1.12 Installation under SUSE (OpenSUSE or SLES)
- 1.13 Installation in Red Hat Enterprise Linux / Fedora / CentOS
- 1.14 Installation in Debian and Ubuntu
- 1.15 Installation in FreeBSD
- 1.16 Installation in NetBSD
- 1.17 Manual Installation from Sources under Linux / UNIX / MAC OS
- 1.18 Installing the Enterprise Version
- 1.19 Server and Console Installation in Windows
- 2 Initial Configuration after Installation
- 3 Pandora FMS Agent Installation
- 3.1 Agent Requirements
- 3.2 Installing the agent from tarball
- 3.2.1 Custom installation
- 3.2.2 Agent installation in CentOS/RedHat
- 3.2.3 Agent installation in Ubuntu/Debian
- 3.2.4 Agent installation in SUSE
- 3.2.5 Agent installation in NetBSD and FreeBSD
- 3.2.6 Agent installation in Windows
1 Console and Pandora FMS Server Installation
1.1 Minimum hardware requirements
The requirements set out in this table are the minimum recommendations for different installations. These recommendations are calculated assuming that 80% of the modules have historical data and the average sampling time is 5 minutes. These recommendations are specified for an environment where they are installed in the same database server, server and console.
|Hardware||SMALL: up to 500 agents or 5000 modules||MEDIUM: up to 2000 agents or 10000 modules||BIG: For more than 4000 agents*|
|CPU||1 core at 2 GHz||2 cores at 2,5 GHz||4 cores at 3 GHz|
|RAM||4 GB||8 GB||16 GB|
|Hard drive||7200 rpm||15K rpm or SSD||SSD|
|Disk Space||20GB minimum
| 120GB minimum
(*) In addition to the these recommendations, we recommend installing MySQL on a standalone server and installing Percona XTraDB instead of standard MySQL.
In case you install Pandora FMS in a virtual environment, make sure to assign an independent disk with reserved space and high access speed.
We strongly recommend the use of SSD disks, due to the high impact they have on performance improvement.
A 25GB disk is recommended, with a minimum of 15GB. If features such as log storage are going to be used, or information more than one month old is going to be saved, history database should be used.
1.2 Minimum software requirements
||Pandora FMS does not give official support in these platforms|
- Linux: Pandora FMS Server service must be executed as root permission. Execution as non-root user is possible, being a special and different procedure. Find out more information in this link.
-Windows: Pandora FMS Server service must be executed as administrator permission.
To be able to use the console from any web browser, Apache must have read and execute permissions on the console files.
Additionally, the config.php file must have the 600 permissions (read and write for administrator/root).
It is necessary to have writing permissions in the server directory: /var/spool/pandora/.
-Linux: The Pandora FMS Server Software Agent must be executed as root permission in order to have all the agent features available, although it is also possible to execute it with other permissions..
-Windows: Pandora FMS Server Software Agent must be executed as administrator permission.
Firefox and Chrome are recommended to make use of interactive graphs and network maps.
Some Pandora FMS server features are not supported for Windows. To learn more about these features, click on the following link.
1.3 Database requisites
Percona XTraDB installation is recommended for large Pandora FMS environments where more than 4000 agents must be created.
All of this is needed BEFORE you start installing Pandora FMS. If you do not know how to install MySQL server, look for documentation about the whole process. We cannot provide all that documentation since it is different in each system, distribution and/or version.
1.4 Satellite Server Requirements
Similarly to Pandora FMS installation, the hardware requirements of the system that will host the satellite server will depend on the monitoring volume to be managed. For environments with less than 1000 agents, a minimum of 1 core at 2GHz and 1 GB of RAM is recommended.
The main dependencies are:
The main dependencies are:
1.5 Port requirements
|80||TCP||Pandora FMS Console||IP management||Browser -> Pandora FMS Console Server|
|80||TCP||Pandora FMS Console (API Communication)||Use of API/CLI feature||Browser/Server that starts the query -> Pandora FMS Console Server|
|80||TCP||Metaconsole||Communication between Metaconsole and Nodes||Metaconsole server -> Node Server Node Server -> Metaconsole server|
|162||UDP||Pandora FMS Server||Trap reception||Trap generator device -> Pandora FMS Server|
|443||TCP||Pandora FMS Console (API Communication)||Use of API/CLI feature||Browser/Server that starts the query -> Pandora FMS Console Server|
|443||TCP||Metaconsole||Communication between Metaconsole and Nodes||Metaconsole server -> Node server Node server -> Metaconsole server|
|3306||TCP||Pandora FMS Console and Server||DB connection||Pandora FMS Console Server -> Pandora FMS Database Server Pandora FMS Server -> Pandora FMS Database Server|
|3306||TCP||Metaconsole||Communication between Metaconsole and DB Nodes||Metaconsole server -> DB Nodes Server Node Server -> Metaconsole BBDD Server|
|4444||TCP||Pandora FMS Server||Connection with Selenium GRID||Pandora FMS Server -> Selenium Server|
|9995||UDP||Pandora FMS Server||Receiving Netflow probes||nfcapd Server -> Pandora FMS Server|
|10514||TCP||Pandora FMS Console and Server||Log storage management with Logstash||Logstash Server -> Pandora FMS Server|
|41121||TCP||Pandora FMS Agents||Tentacle Communication||Software Agent Server Agent -> Pandora FMS Server|
|It is recommended to facilitate communication from Pandora FMS server and console to the whole network. For standard monitoring you should need minimum:|
|80||TCP||Pandora FMS Server||Web monitoring for WUX server||Pandora FMS Server -> Server to monitor|
|161||UDP||Pandora FMS Console and Server||Monitoring via SNMP Polling||Pandora FMS Server -> Server to monitor|
|443||TCP||Pandora FMS Server||Web monitoring for WUX server||Pandora FMS Server -> Server to monitor|
|ICMP||ICMP||Console and Pandora FMS Server||Web monitoring for WUX server||Pandora FMS Server -> Server to monitor|
1.6 Package Dependencies
Pandora FMS has a strong dependency on the GNU/Linux Operating System, but it also needs additional packages which, in many cases, are not installed by default. During the installation process, there is a detailed list of package dependencies for Debian, Ubuntu and OpenSUSE.
1.7 Issues prior to Installation
You will need to have MySQL Server installed BEFORE configuring Pandora FMS, since the next step after installing Pandora FMS packages, is to configure access to the databases. To do that, it must be operational. If you are installing the MySQL Server at the same time as Pandora FMS, remember that you need to set up the root user for MySQL. This can be easily done in two steps:
1. Start MySQL Server daemon:
2. Configure the root password for MySQL root user:
mysqladmin password <password>
In <password>, type in the password for MySQL root user (which is different from the system's 'root' user). The system will ask for this password throughout the entire Pandora FMS installation process.
1.7.2 Pandora FMS Installation Order
You are required to follow this sequence in order to install Pandora FMS properly:
- Install console
- Install server
The reason for this is that MySQL database is configured during the initial configuration phase of the console installation. To ensure the correct working of the server, it is recommended to conduct the whole console installation process first.
It is also possible to host Pandora FMS Server and console in different machines, because the server can be configured to use a remote MySQL database by means of the server configuration file.
Regarding the agent: You may install it before or after installing the server and console, because the agent works independently and it may be installed on any machine.
1.7.3 Installing the Enterprise Version
The correct order for an Enterprise installation is as follows:
- Install the open-source console.
- Install the Enterprise Console.
- When accessing the console, a box will appear requiring you to enter your Enterprise license code.
Validation of the license is only done in the console. Not in the server.
Details on how to correctly enter the license can be found in the following section: License Application v5.X window opens.
220.127.116.11 Special Requirements for the Enterprise Version
The Enterprise installation of the web console has no additional dependencies. The installation of the Enterprise server is done by means of an installer in binary format that contains all the necessary dependencies.
1.8 Installation using ISO or "Software appliance"
Download the CD image from the Download section of our website and burn the ISO image onto a DVD, or run the system from that file if you are using a virtualized system (XenServer, VMware, VirtualBox, etc). There are CD images for both 32- and 64-bit installations.
The following screen will be displayed at the beginning of the boot process. If you do not press any key, the process will automatically load the Live CD, or you can press any key, select the "Install Pandora FMS" option and press "enter" to start the installation.
The graphic installer will lead you step by step throughout the whole installation process. This installer is a standard installation process used by CentOS, and it is available in different languages. It is a very easy process but special attention must be paid when entering the superuser password (root), and when asked about the hard drive partitioning:
Select and configure all the necessary options to install, “Date & Time”, “Keyboard” and “Installation Destination”. Remember to activate the network interface, or else it will need to activated manually after installation.
When clicking the installation destination button, the partition process will start.
Select the partitioning, unless you have advanced knowledge use the option "Click here to create them automatically".
Now just wait until the process is finished and the system restarts automatically.
1.9 Installing the ISO image using a USB Stick
To install the Pandora FMS appliance from a USB flash drive, follow these steps:
- Download the Pandora FMS ISO image from the download section.
- Download the program rufus to prepare your USB for the installation (https://rufus.akeo.ie/)
- Insert the flash drive.
- Start the program rufus.
- Select the Pandora FMS ISO image.
- Press START to start the creation of the Pandora FMS installation USB.
- Your Pandora FMS installation USB device is ready
- Connect the USB to the machine where you want to install Pandora FMS.
- When starting the system, configure the BIOS to start first from USB.
The following screen should be displayed:
Select "Installing from USB stick" and continue the installation as described in the previous chapter.
1.10 Installation under Docker
1.10.1 Run the latest stable version
To run the latest stable version, type in:
curl -sSL http://pandorafms.org/getpandora | sh
Once Pandora FMS is running, point your browser to http://localhost/pandora_console and log-in as user admin (the default password is pandora).
1.10.2 Advanced installation
Pandora FMS runs as a container under Docker environments. It can be launched as follows:
docker run -d --name pandorafms pandorafms/pandorafms:7
1.11 Installing the VMWare Virtual Machine
Alongside the Centos ISO, you can find a virtual machine which contains an already installed Pandora FMS ISO in Sourceforge. This image is tested with VMWare ESX, VMWare Workstation, VirtualBox and Hyper-V. To run it under Hyper-V, you are required to export the VMDX and VDH files from the 'MVDC.exe' executable. They are available after installing the Microsoft Virtual Machine Converter.
To install it, execute the '.ovf' file for 'Virtualbox' and 'VMWare Workstation'. And for ESX and Hyper-V, import the image under 'Import VM' and select the virtual image there.
The credentials for this machine are the following:
Console User: admin
MySQL user: root
Due to security reasons, please change the passwords used during the installation as soon as possible.
1.12 Installation under SUSE (OpenSUSE or SLES)
1.12.1 Automatized Installation by the Official Repository
To be able to choose this method -the fastest and most convenient-, access internet from the server where Pandora FMS is going to be installed. All steps must be executed as root (or under sudo).
Step 1: Create a repository :
#SLES 12 SP3 zypper ar -f http://firefly.artica.es/suse PandoraFMS_Official_Repo zypper ar -f http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/server:/php:/applications/SLE_12_SP3/ zypper ar -f http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/devel:/languages:/perl/SLE_12_SP3/ Perl
wget --no-check-certificate https://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql80-community-release-sles12-1.noarch.rpm rpm -i mysql80-community-release-sles12-1.noarch.rpm
#openSUSE (15.0) zypper ar -f http://firefly.artica.es/suse PandoraFMS_Official_Repo zypper ar -f http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/server:/php:/applications/openSUSE_Leap_15.0/ Php5 zypper ar -f http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/devel:/languages:/perl/openSUSE_Leap_15.0/Perl wget --no-check-certificate https://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql80-community-release-sl15-1.noarch.rpm rpm -ivh mysql80-community-release-sl15-1.noarch.rpm
Step 2: Update the repository's information:
Step 3: Install Pandora FMS and some of its dependencies :
zypper install pandorafms_console pandorafms_server apache2-mod_php5
1.12.2 Manual RPM Installation
18.104.22.168 Previous Dependencies Installation
For this documentation, Suse Zypper system, that allows you to resolve dependencies and download packages directly from the repositories on the internet, will be used. If you do not have Zypper, install it, it is much more convenient and fast. If it is not possible, dependencies can be downloaded in. rpm format from the internet, but the process is considerably longer and more cumbersome.
The following package dependencies, included in the SUSE system, must be installed:
apache2 apache2-mod_php5 php5 php5-gd php5-gettext php5-json php5-mbstring php5-ldap php5-mysql \ php5-pear php5-snmp php5-zip nmap perl-DBD-mysql perl-DBI perl-Date-Calc perl-HTML-Parser \ perl-HTML-Encoding perl-HTML-Tree perl-IO-Socket-inet6 perl-Socket6 perl-Mail-Sendmail perl-NetAddr-IP \ perl-TimeDate perl-XML-Simple perl-XML-Twig perl-libwww-perl mysql-client mysql-max mysql \ net-snmp xorg-x11-fonts-core php5-pear-db php5-curl php5-xmlrpc perl-SNMP graphviz graphviz-gd \ perl-Encode-Locale perl-JSON
Unlike SLES, OpenSUSE does not have a 'mysql-max' package. You may install MySQL standard package instead without experiencing any issues.
For versions of Pandora FMS 729 or higher, it is necessary to install the dependencies of PHP7 for correct console use
In order to install all dependencies execute:
zypper install ..
Followed by the whole package list, specified in the paragraph above, this is going to display a screen like the one below:
Getting repositories data... Reading packets installed... perl-DBI already installed. perl-HTML-Parser already installed. perl-TimeDate already installed. perl-XML-Simple already installed. perl-libwww-perl already installed. xorg-x11-fonts-core already installed. Resolving dependencies... The following NEW packages will be installed: apache2 apache2-mod_php5 apache2-prefork apache2-utils libapr1 libapr-util1 libdnet1 liblua5_1 libmm14 libmysqlclient15 mysql mysql-client mysql-Max net-snmp nmap perl-Bit-Vector perl-Carp-Clan perl-Data-ShowTable perl-Date-Calc perl-Date-Manip perl-DBD-mysql perl-HTML-Encoding perl-HTML-Tree perl-IO-Socket-inet6 perl-Mail-Sendmail perl-NetAddr-IP perl-SNMP php5 php5-ctype php5-dom php5-gd php5-gettext php5-hash php5-iconv php5-json php5-ldap php5-mbstring php5-mysql php5-openssl php5-pdo php5-pear php5-snmp php5-sqlite php5-tokenizer php5-xmlreader php5-xmlwriter php5-zip php5-zlib t1lib perl-JSON Total Size: 19.1 M. After the operation, additional 55.9 M will be used. Continue? [Yes / no]:
Click 'yes' to download Zypper and install the packages.
When finished, you will be required to install some extra packages. OpenSuse does not contain all the dependencies needed by Pandora FMS. Additional RPMs to meet these dependencies: from the Pandora FMS Sourceforge website. The additional RPMs are the following:
perl-time-format php-pear-xml_rpc wmic smstools perl-HTML-Tree perl-XML-Twig
In Centos7 wmic it is not an explicit requirement for pandorafms_server but is still needed by the WMIServer. You can find the binary file at the SourceForge web site.
If you intend to use the Recon Server, install these additional packages:
perl-net-traceroute perl-net-traceroute-pureperl xprobe2
These RPM files can be found on the official distribution site of Pandora FMS Software in a specific dependency directory for OpenSUSE.
Put them in a directory to install them, e.g.: '/tmp/extra' and execute the following command:
rpm -i *.rpm
22.214.171.124 Server Installation
rpm -i pandorafms_server-5.1SP2-1.noarch.rpm
126.96.36.199 Console Installation
Execute the RPM installation tool for packages in order to install the package which contains the Pandora FMS Console:
rpm -i pandorafms_console-5.1SP2-1.noarch.rpm
1.12.3 Uninstalling Pandora FMS
To uninstall any of Pandora FMS components, use any of the following commands:
rpm -e pandorafms_agent rpm -e pandorafms_console rpm -e pandorafms_server
The Pandora FMS database will not be uninstalled if any of the Pandora FMS packages are - but all files from any other package (including the configuration files) will be deleted, however the database must be deleted manually.
1.13 Installation in Red Hat Enterprise Linux / Fedora / CentOS
The installation process is nearly the same as the one from SUSE. Keep in mind that RHEL, CentOS or Fedora RPM packages are not the same as the ones in SUSE - since SUSE RPMs use a different package version, with a different compression algorithm which makes them incompatible.
First of all, activate certain official Redhat/Centos/Fedora repositories to perform dependency installation. The repositories to be activated are EXTRAS, UPDATES and the additional installation of the EPEL repository.
Edit /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo and enable EXTRAS, and UPDATES repos. Usually it should be something similar to this:
[updates] name=CentOS-$releasever - Updates mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=updates gpgcheck=0 [extras] name=CentOS-$releasever - Extras mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=extras gpgcheck=0
Add the EPEL repository:
[EPEL] Name = EPEL baseurl = http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/$releasever/$basearch/ enabled = 1 gpgcheck = 0
Please refresh your repository information with this command:
1.13.1 Installation using official Pandora FMS Repository
YUM and access to the Internet is required. First, create a reference to the Pandora FMS official repository for CentOS 7. This also applies for the usage under RHEL7.
Add these contents:
[artica_pandorafms] name=CentOS7 - PandoraFMS official repo baseurl=http://firefly.artica.es/centos7 gpgcheck=0 enabled=1
Refresh your repository information:
And install Pandora FMS, along with the mysql server (it is an optional dependency, but MySQL server is needed if you do not have one already installed or accessible in another server).
yum install pandorafms_console pandorafms_server mariadb-server
Download all the necessary packages and leave the system ready for configuration and use.
Mariadb-server replaces the mysql-server package, but it depends on the used distro (CentOS is not the same as RHEL, one or the other must be used, being the differences almost unnoticeable when using Pandora FMS).
1.13.2 Manual Installation through RPM Files
Most dependencies should be resolved using YUM or another automatic tool. All dependencies are marked as required packages in the RPM definition. If you have already configured the required repositories in the previous step, this operation will be almost automatic.
In the case of CentOS it will be necessary to install the following dependencies:
yum install php php-gd graphviz php-mysql php-pear-DB php-zip php-mbstring php-ldap php-snmp php-ldap php-common make perl-CPAN perl-HTML-Tree perl-DBI perl-DBD-mysql perl-libwww-perl perl-XML-Simple perl-XML-Twig perl-XML-SAX perl-NetAddr-IP net-snmp perl-SNMP net-tools perl-IO-Socket-INET6 perl-Socket6 nmap sudo xprobe2 perl-Encode-Locale php-xmlrpc libxslt php-xml
It is possible that if you use Fedora or Redhat the names of some packages are slightly different, so use these in addition to the previous ones:
yum install net-snmp-perl perl-JSON perl-NetAddr-IP perl-Socket6 \ perl-Time-HiRes perl-XML-Twig perl-IO-Socket-INET6
Some dependencies (like 'wmic' or 'xprobe2') are not contained in the official RHEL repositories. They are provided on our Sourceforge download page in the "Tools and Dependecies" section .
In the meantime, for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 just install these ones, since several of the packages required for the console and server are included in the php and perl and serial dependencies:
yum install php php-common graphviz yum install perl-HTML-Tree perl-DBD-mysql perl-XML-Simple perl-XML-SAX \ perl-NetAddr-IP net-snmp perl-SNMP net-tools perl-IO-Socket-INET6 perl-Socket6 nmap wmic xprobe2
If you are using a version prior to RHEL6, some dependencies could have another name. In the case of perl-SNMP, in CentOS5, RHEL5, etc, the dependency to obtain would be net-snmp-perl.
For versions of Pandora FMS 729 or higher, it is necessary to install the PHP7 dependencies for a correct console use
In order to install the RPM, just use the 'rpm -i' or the yum command directly:
rpm -i pandorafms_server-x.x-x.noarch.rpm
yum install pandorafms_server-x.x-x.noarch.rpm
If you encounter any problems when you try to access the Pandora FMS Console installation web page, check whether SELinux is active: In this case, it is mandatory to deactivate it. Please follow the FAQ procedures in such case.
RHEL and CentOS 5.x use PHP 5.1 by default. This version is not compatible with Pandora FMS. You are required to use PHP version 5.2 or higher. Tested in php55w. For versions of Pandora FMS 729 or higher, its required to use PHP version 7.2
To do so, it is recommended to use the following repository for CentOS6/RHEL6, which contains PHP 5.6:
[remi] name=Les RPM de remi pour Enterprise Linux 6 - $basearch #baseurl=http://rpms.famillecollet.com/enterprise/6/remi/$basearch/ mirrorlist=http://rpms.famillecollet.com/enterprise/6/remi/mirror enabled=1 gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-remi
[remi-php56] name=Les RPM de remi de PHP 5.6 pour Enterprise Linux 6 - $basearch #baseurl=http://rpms.famillecollet.com/enterprise/6/php56/$basearch/ mirrorlist=http://rpms.famillecollet.com/enterprise/6/php56/mirror # WARNING: If you enable this repository, you must also enable "remi" enabled=1 gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-remi
GPG key for remi repository can be found here: http://rpms.remirepo.net/RPM-GPG-KEY-remi
1.13.3 Uninstalling Pandora FMS in CentOS/RHEL
Just execute the command
yum remove pandorafms_console pandorafms_server
If MySQL is installed but it is no longer needed, it can also be deleted with the same command:
yum remove mysql-server
1.14 Installation in Debian and Ubuntu
Installing Pandora FMS version 10.04 or higher is recommended. In Debian Stable version (Squeeze), there are problems with some libraries and applications that Pandora FMS needs for some components. Debian LWP library does not implement certain methods for SSL, and this is necessary for Enteprise modules of WEB monitoring. It can be fixed by installing a newer version of LWP using CPAN (manual method).
When installing it, add the official repositories of each version. For example, to install the libencode-locale-perl and snmp-mibs-downloader packages in a Debian Squeeze, add the following repositories to the file named /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ squeeze main non-free deb http://ftp.at.debian.org/debian-cd/ squeeze-backports main
Alternatively, for Debian Wheezy:
deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian/dists/Debian9.6/ wheezy-backports main deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ wheezy main non-free
Once they have been added, execute 'apt-get update' to apply the changes.
Due to the way in which Debian/Ubuntu manages the packages, it is more than recommended to install Pandora FMS in a system that has access to the online package repositories (or a replica in the local network). A dependency on Debian can involve dozens of sub-dependencies, so preparing an accurate list of packages needed for offline installation can be a very complex task.
1.14.1 Installation with Artica Private Repository
There is also a much quicker and easier method: just add the Artica Private Repository. It contains any and all the Ubuntu and Debian packages you might require.
In order to do so, edit the file '/etc/apt/sources.list' and add the following line:
For Debian Squeeze:
For Debian Wheezy:
Execute as root (sudo)
Installation of Pandora FMS by apt-get:
[email protected]:~# apt-get install pandorafms-console pandorafms-server pandorafms-agent-unix Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following extra packages will be installed: apache2-mpm-prefork apache2-utils apache2.2-common dbconfig-common graphviz libapache2-mod-php5 libcgraph5 libcurl3 libgd2-xpm libgvpr1 libio-socket-inet6-perl libnetaddr-ip-perl libonig2 libqdbm14 libsnmp-perl libsocket6-perl libssh2-1 libtime-format-perl libxml-namespacesupport-perl libxml-sax-expat-perl libxml-sax-perl libxml-simple-perl nmap php-db php-gettext php-pear php5 php5-cli php5-common php5-curl php5-gd php5-ldap php5-mysql php5-snmp php5-suhosin php5-xmlrpc smistrip snmp snmp-mibs-downloader snmpd xprobe Suggested packages: apache2-doc apache2-suexec apache2-suexec-custom graphviz-doc libgd-tools php5-dev The following packages will be REMOVED: libgd2-noxpm The following NEW packages will be installed: apache2-mpm-prefork apache2-utils apache2.2-common dbconfig-common graphviz libapache2-mod-php5 libcgraph5 libcurl3 libgd2-xpm libgvpr1 libio-socket-inet6-perl libnetaddr-ip-perl libonig2 libqdbm14 libsnmp-perl libsocket6-perl libssh2-1 libtime-format-perl libxml-namespacesupport-perl libxml-sax-expat-perl libxml-sax-perl libxml-simple-perl nmap pandorafms-agent-unix pandorafms-console pandorafms-server php-db php-gettext php-pear php5 php5-cli php5-common php5-curl php5-gd php5-ldap php5-mysql php5-snmp php5-suhosin php5-xmlrpc smistrip snmp snmp-mibs-downloader snmpd xprobe 0 upgraded, 44 newly installed, 1 to remove and 0 not upgraded. Need to get 40.9 MB of archives. After this operation, 90.8 MB of additional disk space will be used. Do you want to continue [Y/n]? y WARNING: The following packages cannot be authenticated! pandorafms-agent-unix pandorafms-console pandorafms-server Install these packages without verification [y/N]? y
For versions of Pandora FMS 729 or higher, it is necessary to install the dependencies of PHP7 for a correct use of the console
1.14.2 Manual Installation by DEB Packages
Under Debian or Ubuntu, the dependencies are the following:
snmp snmpd libtime-format-perl libxml-simple-perl libdbi-perl libnetaddr-ip-perl libhtml-parser-perl wmi-client xprobe2 nmap traceroute libio-socket-inet6-perl libhtml-tree-perl libsnmp-perl snmp-mibs-downloader libio-socket-multicast-perl libsnmp-perl libjson-perl libencode-locale-perl
If the 'wmi-client' package is not available in the repositories, download it from the Pandora FMS Sourceforge website.
If you are installing Pandora FMS in a Debian Squeeze, add the "Non-Free" repository to access the snmp-mibs-downloader package.
php5 libapache2-mod-php5 apache2 mysql-server php5-gd php5-mysql php-pear php5-snmp php-db php-gettext graphviz mysql-client php5-curl php5-xmlrpc php5-ldap
For versions of Pandora FMS 729 or higher, it is necessary to install the dependencies of PHP7 for a correct use of the console
In order to install the Server package or the console, implement all of the required dependencies. This is done by installing all the previously mentioned packages by using the command apt-get along with root privileges:
apt-get install snmp snmpd libtime-format-perl libxml-simple-perl libxml-twig-perl libdbi-perl libnetaddr-ip-perl libhtml-parser-perl wmi-client xprobe2 nmap libmail-sendmail-perl traceroute libio-socket-inet6-perl libhtml-tree-perl libsnmp-perl snmp-mibs-downloader libio-socket-multicast-perl libsnmp-perl libjson-perl php5 libapache2-mod-php5 apache2 mysql-server php5-gd php5-mysql php-pear php5-snmp php-db php-gettext graphviz mysql-client php5-curl php5-xmlrpc php5-ldap dbconfig-common
This command will install all the dependencies required to install the Pandora FMS Server and its console into a Debian or Ubuntu system.
Installation with the DEB packages is very easy.
If there is no internet connection, install the dependencies. Then install the Pandora FMS packages, in this example all Pandora FMS components are installed together.
dpkg -i pandorafms-console_xxx.deb pandorafms-server_xxxx.deb
Once the command has been executed, you might see that some dependencies are missing. If so, you can try to solve it automatically by using the following command:
apt-get -f install
This will attempt to download all the necessary missing packages from the automated installation of Pandora FMS on the system. Once the necessary packages have been installed, continue with the installation of all Pandora FMS components.
In some Ubuntu versions you must move the /var/www/pandora_console/ directory to the public directory of the web server by default /var/www/html/pandora_console
In order to complete the installation of the Pandora FMS Console, access the console URL and follow the steps suggested by the installation wizard. If the console is installed on a server with the IP '10.20.34.54', enter the following URL:
1.14.3 Uninstalling Pandora FMS
dpkg -r pandorafms-console-enterprise dpkg -r pandorafms-console
1.15 Installation in FreeBSD
To install Pandora FMS server, FreeBSD 10.x or later is recommended. If you want to install it to FreeBSD 9.x or earlier with the following instructions, the package management system of FreeBSD should be updated to pkgng.
1.15.1 Previous Dependencies Installation
In FreeBSD, the dependencies are the following:
p5-DBI p5-Mail-Sendmail p5-NetAddr-IP p5-XML-Simple p5-Time-Format p5-HTML-Parser p5-Net-Traceroute-PurePerl p5-IO-Socket-INET6 p5-DBD-mysql p5-XML-Twig p5-JSON net-snmp nmap xprobe coreutils net-snmp wmi-client
In order to install the Pandora FMS Server, implement all the dependencies before doing so. It is recommended to do so by using pkg command.
You may install all the necessary dependencies in the following way:
e.g.) p5-DBI installation.
pkg install p5-DBI
apache24, php5, php5-snmp, php5-session, php5-gettext, php5-mbstring, php5-ldap, php5-mysql, php5-gd, php5-zip, php5-zlib, php5-json, php5-curl, php5-filter, pear, pear-DB, pear-XML_RPC, graphviz
In order to install the Pandora FMS Console, implement all of the previously mentioned dependencies. You may use the packages to do so.
1.15.2 Console Installation
There are no Pandora FMS Console package files for FreeBSD. The Pandora FMS console must be installed by using the installer.
Installation via the installer is described in the section named 'Manual Installation from Sources in Linux/Unix' below.
Under FreeBSD with apache 2.4, the Pandora FMS console directory is:
1.15.3 Server Installation
There are no Pandora FMS Server package files for FreeBSD. You are required to install the Pandora FMS Server by using the installer.
Installation via the installer is described in the section named 'Manual Installation from Sources in Linux / UNIX' below.
The file locations and startup script structures are different from Linux. The FreeBSD-specific procedures are shown below.
After installation, add the following lines to the '/etc/rc.conf' file:
These settings are required to enable Pandora FMS, Pandora FMS Servers and Tentacle. Otherwise, they are not going to be launched.
On FreeBSD, most of the Pandora FMS server's files are going to be installed in the directory named '/usr/local'.
The 'data_in' and log directories are the same as the ones under Linux.
1.16 Installation in NetBSD
From versions 5.0 and above, Pandora FMS supports the use of NetBSD.
1.16.1 Previous Dependencies Installation
In NetBSD, the dependencies are as follows:
mysql55-server databases/p5-DBI mail/p5-Mail-Sendmail net/p5-NetAddr-IP textproc/p5-XML-Simple time/p5-Time-Format www/p5-HTML-Parser net/nmap net/p5-IO-Socket-INET6 database/p5-DBD-mysql textproc/p5-XML-Twig sysutils/coreutils converters/p5-JSON net/net-snmp
In order to install the Pandora FMS Server, implement all of the dependencies (using 'pkgsrc', recommended) before doing so.
You may install all dependencies like this:
e.g.) p5-DBI installation.
cd /usr/pkgsrc/databases/p5-DBI make make install
Next, install 'Net::Traceroute::PurePerl' and 'LWP::Simple' using CPAN.
perl -MCPAN -e 'install Net::Traceroute::PurePerl' perl -MCPAN -e 'install LWP::Simple'
'xprobe' is also required to be installed by compiling the source package.
You may download it from :
If you are unable to compile it without some errors showing up, modify the following files and try again:
- Add ' include <cstdlib> ' to 'libs-external/USI++/src/ip.cc'.
- Add ' include <cstdlib> ' to 'libs-external/USI++/src/misc.cc'.
- Add ' include <cstring> ' to 'libs-external/USI++/usi++/tcp.h'.
www/apache22, lang/php54, net/php-snmp, www/ap-php, devel/php-gettext, converters/php-mbstring, databases/php-ldap, databases/php-mysql, raphics/php-gd, archivers/php-zip, archivers/php-zlib, textproc/php-json, www/php-curl, lang/pear, databases/pear-DB, graphics/graphviz,
In order to install Pandora FMS Console, implement all of the dependencies before doing so. You may use 'pkgsrc' for that.
From version 729 of Pandora FMS it is necessary to update to PHP7 for the proper functioning of the tool
In addition, install the 'XML_RPC' using the 'pear' command as shown below.
pear install XML_RPC
1.16.2 Console Installation
There are no Pandora FMS Console package files for NetBSD. Install the Pandora FMS console by using the installer.
How to install it by means of the installer is described in the section named 'Manual Installation from Sources in Linux/Unix' below.
On NetBSD with apache 2.2, the Pandora FMS Console directory is the one mentioned below.
1.16.3 Server Installation
There are no Pandora FMS Server package files for NetBSD. Install the Pandora FMS server by using the installer.
Installation via the installer is described in the section named 'Manual Installation from Sources in Linux/Unix' below.
File locations and startup script structures are different from the ones under Linux. NetBSD specific procedures are shown below.
After installation, add the following lines to '/etc/rc.conf':
To enable the Pandora FMS Servers, Pandora FMS and Tentacle, these settings are required. Otherwise, they will not be launched.
On NetBSD, most of the Pandora FMS Server files are installed under '/usr/local'.
Other: The 'data_in' and log directories are the same as the ones under Linux.
1.17 Manual Installation from Sources under Linux / UNIX / MAC OS
It will be necessary to download the files in "tarball" format (. tar. gz,. tgz or. tar. bz2) and unzip them. To do it, locate the latest version of Pandora FMS and download the files from here: https://sourceforge.net/projects/pandora/files/.
1.17.1 Console Installation
Once you have opened the console zip file, follow these steps:
1. Acquire root privileges by entering:
2. Copy to '/tmp' and execute:
tar xvzf pandorafms_console-X.Y.tar.gz cd pandora_console ./pandora_console_install --install
1.17.2 Server Installation
Once you have opened the server zip file named 'pandorafms_server-3.0.0.tar.gz' or similar, follow the steps described below:
1. Acquire root privileges:
2. Copy it to '/tmp' and execute:
tar xvzf pandorafms_server-X.Y.tar.gz cd pandora_server ./pandora_server_installer --install
If you experience any dependency-related problems, fix them before attempting any installation. It might be possible to force the installation and ignore the problems with the dependencies, but Pandora FMS will not work properly in that case.
1.17.3 Server Manual Installation (from source code)
Alternatively to the general installation script, you can "compile" the Pandora FMS code through the Perl interpreter of your system. This process simply installs the minimum libraries and executables, but does not alter the boot script system, maintenance scripts, configuration or anything else that strictly concerns the application and its libraries. This process is recommended when the server code must be updated, but without overwriting its configuration.
To do it properly, unzip your server code to /tmp, as described in the previous step.
1. Acquire root privileges:
2. Copy it to '/tmp' and once there, execute:
tar xvzf pandorafms_server-X.Y.tar.gz cd pandora_server perl Makefile.PL make make install
If any dependency is missing or there is another problem, the system will warn you. If you see a message similar to:
Warning: prerequisiete Mail::Sendmail 0 not found Warning: prerequisiete Net::Traceroute::PurePerl 0 not found
It means that there are some Perl packages that Pandora FMS needs and that the system does not have them installed. Check the previous paragraphs to know how to install the necessary dependencies to be able to install Pandora FMS. However, you can temporarily ignore these warnings (that is why they are warnings and not errors) and force the installation. But you will surely have problems at one time or another since you are missing a component needed to function. However, if you know that the component that is not installed will not be used (e. g. traceroute is used exclusively for Pandora FMS Recon Server), you can continue without any problem.
After this process, these files are automatically copied:
And several. pm files (Perl libraries) that Pandora FMS needs. Those. pm libraries are copied to different directories, depending on the version of your distribution and distribution. For example in Ubuntu 9.04 they are copied to:
In SUSE/SLES 11 they are copied to:
1.18 Installing the Enterprise Version
To install the Enterprise version of Pandora FMS, install the packages "Open" of the Console and Server, and then add the packages "Enterprise" of each one. In the case of the Console use one package or another, depending on the installed distribution.
1.18.1 Enterprise Console Installation
For Red Hat Enterprise Linux / CentOS / Fedora:
rpm -i pandorafms_console_enterprise-X.X.noarch.rpm
rpm -i pandorafms_console_enterprise-X.X.noarch.rpm
For Debian / Ubuntu:
dpkg -i pandorafms_console_enterprise_xxx.deb
To install the Enterprise Console by using the source code:
Once you have opened the console and arrived at the location of the compressed file named 'pandorafms_console-X.X.tar.gz' or similar, follow the steps mentioned bellow:
1. Acquire root privileges by entering:
2. Copy it to '/tmp' and then execute:
tar xvzf pandorafms_console-X.Xtar.gz
Later, copy it to the directory in which your Pandora FMS open-source console is installed. It must be either '/var/www/pandora_console' for Debian or Ubuntu, or '/srv/www/htdocs/pandora_console/' for SUSE, RH, Fedora, etc. (or any other directory, depending on your distribution).
cp -R enterprise /var/www/pandora_console
cp -R enterprise /srv/www/htdocs/pandora_console
3. Just change the permissions in case the files are intended to get used by the web server user, e.g.:
chown -R www-data /var/www/pandora_console/enterprise
chown -R wwwrun /srv/www/htdocs/pandora_console/enterprise
It is recommended to conduct the License Activation at this point.
1.18.2 Enterprise Server Installation
First, make sure the Open version of the server is installed. Then proceed to install the enterprise version in order to install the Enterprise Server.
Once you have the zip file with the server, named pandorafms_server_enterprise-X. X. tar. gz or similar, follow the steps mentioned below:
We are working on a pilot version that will include upgrades in the Enterprise server. From 738 update on, it is advised to use Pandora FMS Enterprise server version E7. Version E6 should only be used in case of compatibility issues.
1. Acquire root privileges:
2. Copy it to '/tmp' and execute:
tar xvzf pandorafms_server_enterprise-X.X.tar.gz cd pandora_server/ # ./pandora_server_installer --install
If the Pandora FMS Server Binary is not contained in the default directory '/usr/bin', indicate the directory as follows:
# PREFIX=/usr/local ./pandora_server_installer --install
After installing, restart the server (/etc/init.d/pandora_server restart). Then, the Enterprise Servers will be shown as enabled.
Do not restart the server until the Pandora FMS Enterprise license key installation is completed, otherwise the server will not start and your monitoring service will be interrupted.
188.8.131.52 Installing on a different path
To install the Pandora FMS Server on a different path, specify it with the --destdir option:
./pandora_server_installer --install --destdir <path>
After the installation, configure the Pandora FMS server manually to run at startup and configure the database maintenance script, pandora_db, to run periodically. For example, on Linux (replace <destdir> with the actual path passed to --destdir):
ln -s <destdir>/etc/init.d/pandora_server /etc/init.d/ echo "\"<destdir>/usr/share/pandora_server/util/pandora_db\" \ \"<destdir>/etc/pandora/pandora_server.conf\" >/dev/null 2>&1" > /etc/cron.hourly/pandora_db
184.108.40.206 Running as a non-privileged user
To make the Pandora FMS server run as a non-privileged user, install it as the user you want it to run as with the --no-root option:
./pandora_server_installer --install --no-root
220.127.116.11 Installing with a non-privileged user
--no-root can be combined with --destdir to install the Pandora FMS server with an unprivileged user, as long as this user has write permissions on the path passed to --destdir. For example:
./pandora_server_installer --install --no-root --destdir /opt/pandora
18.104.22.168 Phantomjs / PDF reports special install
Phantomjs is a special component that is used to dynamically generate PDF graphs. It is required from version NG/724 onwards and replaces the previous system of PDF graphs. It will be necessary to install it in all the consoles and servers where PDF reports can be generated in an interactive way, by means of programmed execution or where it executes alerts that include embedded graphics.
If you are using an ISO image of the NG/724 version or later, there is no need to install anything because the system already has the library installed.
If not, follow these steps to install Phantomjs:
- In case the installation is going to be performed in a Linux system, the dependencies required by the program are: fontconfig freetype freetype-devel fontconfig-devel libstdc++. On windows these are not necessary.
- Download phantomjs. The tests performed during the development of this feature were based on phantomjs 2.1.1. You can get this version from the following links:
- If you add phantomjs to the system path, no further configuration is necessary. Otherwise it will be necessary to configure the path to the phantomjs binary file in the Pandora FMS Console. To achieve this, go to Settings > General > phantomjs bin path. The user providing the web pages (Apache by default) should be able to run this file in the selected location.
yum install -y fontconfig freetype freetype-devel fontconfig-devel libstdc++ mkdir -p /opt/phantomjs/bin && cd /opt/phantomjs/bin wget "https://netcologne.dl.sourceforge.net/project/pandora/Tools%20and%20dependencies%20%28All%20versions%29/DEB%20Debian%2C%20Ubuntu/phantomjs" chmod +x phantomjs ln -s /opt/phantomjs/bin/phantomjs /usr/bin/
1.19 Server and Console Installation in Windows
From Pandora FMS versions 5.1 and above, there is a Windows installer which allows you to install: Nginx, PHP, MySQL, Pandora FMS and some dependencies necessary for the server and console operation under Windows.
Pandora FMS Console & server setup in Windows is not recommended for production systems, due to inferior performance compared to Linux. It is being worked on to make it more stable and faster in future versions .
Some features of the Pandora FMS server rely on a Linux-based operating system and do not work on Windows:
- Recon scripts
- UX monitoring
- Transactional monitoring
- Server plug-ins. The default plug-ins are Linux scripts. You can, however, write your own scripts for Windows.
- VMware plug-in
- Remote inventory
- Log monitoring
It is delivered as an installer in executable format (. exe) and for its basic installation you only have to accept all the options listed below.
Select the language:
Follow the installer steps:
Accept the license terms:
Select the components to install:
If you have a previous version of the Console and the Server already installed and you want an update, check only the 'Update installed version' option.
Nginx is a web server that replaces Apache, which was used in previous versions. This new server uses PHP with FastCGI, improving the Console performance.
This installer is mainly prepared for an installation on a computer which does not have Nginx or MySQL already installed. In case you have any other web server, such as IIS: it can be enabled, although you must disable it in order to work through Nginx.
If you have a MySQL Server installed and running on the computer before installing the remaining components of Pandora FMS, replace the MySQL root password by "pandora". This change is necessary in order for the database to be created which has to be able to assign permissions to the Pandora FMS Database correctly. Once you have installed Pandora FMS on your computer, please feel free to replace the password.
After selecting the components to install, specify the installation path:
The components are going to be installed. The only component which requires a user validation is Nginx. It will ask for the Pandora FMS server's name or IP address:
As explained above, other components are installed besides MySQL and Nginx. In case they are already installed, you may see a message like this:
Please remember that Microsoft Visual C++ is required for the modules to work properly.
Nginx requires Microsoft Visual C++ 2012, while if you are running a Windows 2008 Professional R2 system, you will need to install Microsot Visual C++ 2008. Installing Microsoft Visual C++ 2010 SP1 Redistributable Package might be required as well for Nmap and the ICMP Enterprise Server to work properly.
Microsoft Visual C++ 2008
Microsoft Visual C++ 2010 SP1 Redistributable Package
Visual C++ 2012 (Update 4)
Visual C++ 2015
Please wait until the files are copied and all the setup-related settings are carried out.
Until the installation is complete as shown below.
Once completed, the browser on the login screen will open automatically. In case Enterprise Version is installed, you will be asked for the license code which will be provided from Artica for implementation. Except for the Enterprise Version, the server is installed as a service and starts automatically during the installation process. If the installation of the Enterprise Version has been completed with no valid license code, the server will not boot.
In order to quickly start the process, click on 'Start' and 'Programs'.
Once the service is running properly, a ready-to-use console with all the servers will appear as shown on the picture below.
1.19.1 WMI module operation in some Windows versions
For security reasons, some Windows versions have limited users who can remotely query WMI. If these modules are not carried out, the solution is to run the service Satellite Server as an Administrator user.
The process to follow is:
Open the services:
Right click on the service and go to Properties
On the Log in window, select an account with Administrator permissions and apply changes:
And after these changes, restart the service.
1.19.2 Directories to consider in Windows
There are a set of directories you need to set correctly in Pandora FMS Setup, which are:
- Remote Config directory
- Attachment store
- Server logs directory
- Graphviz binary directory
It has been observed that it is necessary to install Microsoft Visual C++ 2008 in Windows 2008 Professional R2 for Apache to operate properly.
Microsoft Visual C++ 2008
2 Initial Configuration after Installation
Post-installation order is:
- Create the database through the Pandora FMS web console installation wizard.
- Modify the server configuration including access credentials to the databases generated by the previous step.
- Boot the server.
- Start local agent (if needed).
- Access Pandora FMS console for the first time to start using Pandora FMS.
2.1 Tuning the settings in CentOS7
CentOS 7 is a good Linux distribution but it has small details that are included here briefly, which will make it easier to install Pandora FMS:
CentOS 7 does not install ifconfig, to install it :
yum install net-tools
CentOS has a very aggressive firewall, and you need to disable it (later you can secure the server if needed):
systemctl disable firewalld systemctl stop firewalld
CentOS 7 also has SELinux enabled by default, to disable it:
setenforce 0 sed -i 's/enforcing/disabled/g' /etc/selinux/config /etc/selinux/config
Program both the WEB server and the database server for booting:
systemctl start httpd.service systemctl enable httpd.service systemctl enable mariadb.service
We recommend to enable AllowOverride option in Apache server to enable .htaccess security directives included in Pandora FMS console from version 744 onwards.
Remove the private tmp from the systemd in Apache:
sed -i 's/PrivateTmp=true/PrivateTmp=false/g' /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/httpd.service
2.2 Initial Console Configuration
It is assumed all components (Database, Console, Server and Agent) will be executed on the same machine. If you have not done it already, start the MySQL server and create an Admin password (root).
Or, depending on the Linux version:
service mariadb start
Now create the password, for example "pandora123" for your MySQL root user:
mysqladmin password pandora123
Then start the Apache Server on your server:
service httpd start
Now it should be possible to access through the browser to the IP address of your Pandora FMS server and complete the database creation process.
If your server's IP is, for exmaple, '192.168.5.54', please type in the following line into the address bar of your browser:
From now on, follow the following steps in order to create the Pandora FMS DB.
Click on 'Next'.
This screen is intended to verify that all software dependencies have been properly installed.
Note: If you are required to install some dependencies, restart the web server in order for it to recognize them.
At this point, it configures the access data to your MySQL server. You are required to enter the root password that you have created in the previous step (which was 'pandora 1234' in the example).
Note: Please avoid blank spaces in the database name.
Enter the password for database access here:
2.2.1 License Application
The Pandora FMS Enterprise version bears a different license key associated to each installation. To use the Enterprise Features and the console's remote updates, enter the license code provided by Ártica in the console configuration section.
For more information about how to activate the license, go to
2.3 Server initial and basic configuration
Pandora FMS has configured your database and created a MySQL user to obtain access to it. It has created a random password for the 'pandora' user that should be the one used to modify the defined password in the Pandora FMS Server.
For this last step, edit the file named '/etc/pandora/pandora_server.conf' from your Pandora FMS installation and look for the following line:
Then replace 'pandora' for the password created by the wizard. Once this is done and the file is saved, you will able to start the Pandora FMS server by entering the following command:
The server should return start values like the ones below.
Pandora FMS Server X.Y Build XXXX Copyright (c) 2004-2009 ArticaST This program is OpenSource, licensed under the terms of GPL License version 2. You can download latest versions and documentation at http://www.pandorafms.org [*] Backgrounding Pandora FMS Server process. Pandora FMS Server is now running with PID 2085.
The tentacle_server is configured to start along with the system boot. If you intend to work with the Pandora FMS Server without rebooting the machine, it is recommended to manually restart this service.
To boot the tentacle_server manually, type in the command:
3 Pandora FMS Agent Installation
3.1 Agent Requirements
The agent can run on any computer with the minimum required operating system, either of the following:
|Pandora Agent 4.0 or above||
|Pandora Android Agent 2.0 or above||
|Pandora Embedded Agent 4.0 or above||
There is a special agent for Windows NT, which is basically the Unix agent compiled for Windows, although performance is much lower than that of a native Windows agent and native API access features are not present.
In UNIX environments, the following must also be installed:
- Perl 5.8 or above
- Optionally the package unzip installed correctly and accessible in the path of the user that will run the agent (only if you want to use the file collections).
3.2 Installing the agent from tarball
This agent version is ready for installation on any Unix/Linux/MAC OS system.
The agent does not require compilation nor preparation, once the agent is downloaded in. tar. gz format.
1. Acquire root privilges
2. Copy it to /tmp and insidee /tmp execute:
tar xvzf pandorafms_X.Y_unix.tar.gz cd unix ./pandora_agent_installer --install
3. Start the agent manually:
3.2.1 Custom installation
The agent can be installed in a directory defined by the user in an "integral" way, this means that all the files of the agent will be put in that directory: logs, configuration files, binaries, man pages, etc.
To use that method, simply run it as the following example:
./pandora_agent_installer --install /opt/pandora
The only file that Pandora FMS will create outside this user-defined directory is the agent launcher in /etc/init. d/pandora_agent_daemon (or equivalent in other Unix systems), and the link in the directory of the system's boot level, for example /etc/rc. d/rc2. d/S90pandora_agent_daemon.
Moreover, the installation can be configured so that instead of running the agent with root user, it can run with another user. For example, for the agent to run with the Pandora FMS user, it would be:
./pandora_agent_installer --install /home/pandora pandora
When a custom user is specified, the agent must be installed in a custom location where the user has writing permissions (/home/pandora in the previous example).
The user pandora is deactivated by default, you must enable it by entering a valid shell in /etc/passwd if you want to use it to run the agent with that user.
For users with MAC OS X 10.11 or higher (The Captain or newer): Apple has added a new security layer on OS X. Some root privileges have disappeared. When installing the Pandora FMS Agent, it will appear as a restricted process. Only restricted processes that are signed by Apple can modify these files. However, you can disable this security system by booting into recovery mode and deactivating it on a terminal by doing: csrutil disable.
3.2.2 Agent installation in CentOS/RedHat
To install the software agent in CentOS/RedHat you should have downloaded the CentOS/Rehdat RPM package from our website.
To install it, simply run this command:
rpm -i pandorafms_agent-7.0NG-1.noarch.rpm
In case you have activated the CentOS repository, you can install the agent like this:
yum install pandorafms_agent
3.2.3 Agent installation in Ubuntu/Debian
To install the software agent in Debian you should have downloaded from our website a deb package with this or similar name.
To install it, simply run this command:
dpkg -i pandorafms_agent_unix-7.0NG-1.noarch.deb
If you have the Debian repository turned on, you can install the agent like this:
apt-get install pandorafms_agent_unix
3.2.4 Agent installation in SUSE
To install the software agent on SUSE you should have downloaded a similar RPM package from our website (maybe some version number or other details may change), but it should look like this one:
To install it, simply run this command:
rpm -i pandorafms_agent_unix-7.0NG-1.noarch.rpm
If you have the SUSE repository enabled, you can install the agent like this:
zypper install pandorafms_agent_unix
3.2.5 Agent installation in NetBSD and FreeBSD
Pandora FMS agent file does not exist for FreeBSD and NetBSD. You must install the Pandora FMS agent using the installer.
To install using the installer, read the following section carefully: "Manual installation from sources on Linux/Unix".
The file location and startup script structure are different from Linux.
The particulars of FreeBSD will be discussed later on.
After installation, add the following line to /etc/rc. conf.
To enable the Pandora FMS agent, these settings are needed, otherwise the process cannot be started.
In FreeBSD, most Pandora FMS agent files are installed in /usr/local.
Boot Script :
The data_in and log directories are the same as those of Linux.
3.2.6 Agent installation in Windows
The agent is delivered as an installer in executable format (. exe). The basic installation performs all the necessary steps and it is only necessary to accept all the options.
To install the Pandora FMS agent in Windows, you only need to download and run it. The installer will guide you through the necessary steps in the language you select. The following example shows the installation for Windows XP, remember that Pandora FMS works on any modern Microsoft platform (2000 or higher). It also has 32 and 64 bit versions.
Follow the steps:
Acept Terms and Conditions and click on Next:
Select the path where the Pandora FMS agent will be installed (by default it is installed in c: /program files/pandora_agent), but you can change it by clicking on Browse..., and then clicking on Next:
Wait for the files to be copied.
Configure the data for the agent as the IP address (or name) of the Pandora FMS server that will receive the agent data. In order to be able to change other parameters, such as the agent name (by default it takes the hostname value of the machine) or the path of the temporary files, you will have to manually edit the agent configuration.
Decide whether you want to start Pandora FMS agent service at the moment, otherwise you will have to do it manually, or it will start when Windows restarts again.
The installation is finished. You can change the agent parameters in the file pandora_agent. conf or through the direct link in the PandoraFMS menu.
22.214.171.124 Unattended Windows Agent Installation
Starting with the agent's VERSION 5.1, the installer supports unattended mode. To perform the installation, simply run the following:
"Pandora FMS Windows Agent v7.0NG.VERSION-BUILD_ARCH.exe" /S
In case you want to install the agent in a different path than the default one:
"Pandora FMS Windows Agent v7.0NG.VERSION-BUILD_ARCH.exe" /S /D=C:\Agent_Pandora
You can also pass certain parameters so that they are written in the configuration file of the agent to be created. Thanks to these options, the deployment of Pandora FMS agents is much more customizable. The options per command line that are supported are the following:
- --ip: Corresponds to the token server_ip.
- --group: Corresponds to the tokengroup.
- --alias: Corresponds to the tokenagent_alias.
For example, if you want to create an agent that belongs to the groupApplications, with the name Mifunne and that points to the server with the IP 192.168.0.59, the command would be:
"Pandora FMS Windows Agent v7.0NG.VERSION-BUILD_ARCH.exe" /S --ip 192.168.0.59 --group Applications --alias Mifunne
126.96.36.199 Unattended Uninstallation
The uninstaller that is an executable named
uninstall. exe in the Pandora FMS installation directory also enables the unattended uninstaller, to do it, run the uninstaller with the option
For example, assuming that Pandora FMS is installed in the default path:
You should execute:
“c:\program files\pandora_agent\uninst.exe” /S
188.8.131.52 Using PandoraAgent.exe from the command line
If you run pandoraagent.exe --help, it will show you something similar to this:
Pandora agent for Windows. Version 3.0(Build 091125) Usage: PandoraAgent.exe [OPTION] Available options are: --install: Install the Pandora Agent service. --uninstall: Uninstall the Pandora Agent service. --test-ssh: Test the SSH Pandora Agent configuration. --test-ftp: Test the FTP Pandora Agent configuration. --process: Run the Pandora Agent as a user process instead of a service.
To install the service (if it is not installed), simply run the following inside the directory where the executable is located (usually c:/program files or equivalent).
This will prompt the service on the machine, based on the path where the. exe is located.
If you want to uninstall it, the process is the same but using:
If you want to test an ftp or ssh connection from the command line, you can use the previous options.
184.108.40.206 Pandora FMS Windows Agent as a process
It possible, for debugging, testing and other unusual circumstances, execute the agent in "Process"mode. This is done by running it from the command line:
There are some limitations in the execution of the process mode, since Pandora FMS is meant to run as a service and under the user SYSTEM. If you run it with another user without privileges, there will be functionalities that will not work properly.