What is a smart building?
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Smart building; you will see this in the not-too-distant future
Have you ever thought about the buildings of the future? Right now, I am pretty sure that you are thinking about those sci-fi films with huge buildings with strange shapes in futuristic cities (surrounded by flying vehicles, of course).
We are going to have to wait some time in order to witness those flying cars, but the buildings of the future are beginning to take shape and there is even a term for it, a smart building.
According to the Intelligent Building Institute in Washington (United States), an intelligent building “provides a productive and cost-effective environment through optimization of four basic elements: structure, systems, services and management, and the interrelationship between them.”
A Smart building refers to a new way of buildings that use technology in order to improve the quality of life or energy efficiency. Would you like to live in a smart building? Well, you will be living in one of them very soon, and I am pretty sure you are going to enjoy it.
How will a smart building work?
Entering a smart building will be very different. Let’s take a look.
In the parking area, there will be sensors that will communicate with our vehicle to indicate those free spaces available for parking; these sensors will be distributed around the parking area. If our vehicle is a self-driving car then the parking process will be completely automatic.
As soon as you get out of your car, you will be able to witness that the gardens surrounding the building will be in perfect condition. There will be robots that will take care of the garden; and also they will use that water collected from the rain using collection systems in order to water the garden and it will also be used for toilets, which means savings.
From the outside, you will be able to see that the shape of the building will be different from the traditional buildings. You’ll be amazed since the building will be completely clean, due to the fact that it will be covered by nanomaterials that will decompose and repel pollution.
The walls made of brick and concrete will no longer exist, instead there will be large windows, and in the rooftop and facade, you will be able to see solar panels and small wind turbines that will supply the whole building with clean energy. Some building may even modify its facade in order to adapt itself to sunlight and the environment, and some of these buildings might even have vertical gardens.
The rooftop will be able to receive drones that will be in charge of mail delivery, parcel service, providing all kinds of supplies required by the building, and then, these supplies will be distributed to the recipients in an automated way.
At the reception area, you will be surprised by how pleasant the atmosphere is. Climatic conditions will be monitored (light, humidity, temperature, etc.) so that the air-conditioning systems of the building will be able to provide optimal conditions, regardless of the time of the year. In addition to this, plants and filtering systems that are located in the hall will be able to clean the air. A nice and pleasant light will light up the reception thanks to the windows, which will change their colour depending on the lighting needs, which will mean significant savings in electricity.
The reception of the building will be equipped with interactive screens that will offer all kinds of useful information, such as schedules and scheduled meetings but it will also be able to tell if a specific person is inside the building and where this person is (with the appropriate security measures).
When taking the lift, we will be taken to our desired floor, thanks to a facial recognition system, which will be able to identify us and it will also be to memorize our habits. According to security needs, this same system will limit access to certain areas.
In the corridors of the building, the sensors will be able to adapt themselves to the light and temperature according to factors such as the presence or absence of human beings or the natural luminosity according to the time of day.
All these sensors will provide greater security within the building. In the case of fire, in addition to activating a fire-fighting system, the smart building will also notify the fire service quickly. In the case of unauthorized access, then it will be automatically connected to the Police or private security services.
When it comes to an office building, the building automation will help you work more efficiently. You will be able to access scheduled meetings from your mobile phone, or to book rooms and also you will be able to check if the lights of your office have been switched off, and you will also be able to adjust the temperature of the room before arriving.
Some buildings will even produce their own food, thanks to vertical agriculture powered by LED lights, which will provide fresh and quality food without the need for farming areas.
These are just some ideas, and although it might be hard to believe, some of these are already being implemented in some exceptional buildings. Over time, these advances will be very common and they will help us make our lives more pleasant, in a more ecological environment.
So now you know what a smart building is. These buildings will be cleaner, safer, and more efficient. These buildings will be focused on the human being and they will take care of the environment.
By the way, in order to control the proper functioning of these buildings, monitoring will be needed.
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